Year 9 - Lesson 5

Curriculum level:
4 - 5
Programme focus:
What the Treaty says.
Length of lesson:
45 – 90 minutes

Focus learning areas

  • Article three.
  • Summarising what the Treaty says.
  • Summarising key differences between the te reo Maori text and the English text.

Achievement objectives

Students will gain knowledge, skills and experience to:

  • Understand how exploration and innovation create opportunities and challenges for people, places, and environments.
  • Understand that events have causes and effects.
  • Understand how the ideas and actions of people in the past have had a significant impact on people’s lives.
  • Understand how the Treaty of Waitangi is responded to differently by people in different times and different places.

Learning outcomes

This programme will provide students with opportunities to:

  • Explain why the protection of Britain was desired by Māori, using knowledge learnt in previous lessons.
  • Justify their thoughts and feelings on various parts of Article three of the Treaty.
  • Make a decision on whether Article three of the Treaty has been honoured.

Suggested activities

Article three

  • Ask for a volunteer to read out loud Article three (in English).
  • Ask the students to highlight two words beginning with p (protection and privileges).


  • Discuss why the protection of the Queen of England would have been important to Māori. This discussion should bring back points from why a treaty was needed, such as: protection from the attentions of other countries and the lawless behaviour from Europeans that was beginning to emerge.
  • The protection from tribal violence was also very important.


  • Ask the students if they feel it was important to include that Māori would receive the same ‘Rights and Privileges of British Subjects’. Ensure that the students justify their answers.

Promises kept / promises broken?

  • Ask the students if they think this Article has always been honoured?
  • Ask them to consider the examples they studied in lesson four, where breaches in the Treaty have occurred, and decide whether Article three has also been breached in those particular examples.
  • A summary of the all the Articles can be watched using the interactive CD Rom or website – ‘The Treaty texts’.

Supporting information

The text of the Treaty

Examples of Treaty breaches