Year 9 - Lesson 8

Curriculum level:
4 - 5
Programme focus:
What the Treaty says.
Length of lesson:
45 – 90 minutes

Focus learning areas

  • Articles of the Treaty.
  • Breaches of the Treaty.
  • Options of compensation.

Achievement objectives

Students will gain knowledge, skills and experience to:

  • Understand how exploration and innovation create opportunities and challenges for people, places, and environments.
  • Understand that events have causes and effects.
  • Understand how the ideas and actions of people in the past have had a significant impact on people’s lives.
  • Understand how the Treaty of Waitangi is responded to differently by people in different times and different places.

Learning outcomes

This programme will provide students with opportunities to:

  • Develop a game, based on case studies where Māori groups have not been protected by the Crown, offering a range of solutions for audiences to choose from.

Suggested activities

Create a game

This activity is based on the Power Game, used in the TREATY 2 U exhibition.

  • In groups, ask the students to research case studies of claims to the Waitangi Tribunal. These claims detail breaches, by the Crown, over the protection ofMāori rights as stated in the Treaty of Waitangi.

Information for research can be found:

The information the group will need to gather is:

  • Who is the group?
  • Where are they from?
  • What did they have?
  • What did they lose?
  • Did they display any form of protest about this loss?
  • What Article was breached in this group’s case?
  • What have they been given to compensate for this loss?

After gathering the information, the group will then decide how they will present it, in a format similar to the Power Game. They could discuss having it as a computer programme, or as a board game, or with a poster and envelopes.

They will need to include in their format a report detailing who the group are, what happened, how this is a breach of the Treaty, and what Article in particular.

On completion of the report, they will need to write up several solutions (including what was reached in real life).

Supporting information

The power game

The text of the Treaty

This site is part of the Human Rights Commission strategy, looking at human rights and Treaty rights in contemporary New Zealand. Unique to this site are personal stories from members of the public on the Treaty of Waitangi, and case studies of people wanting to protect or enable their Treaty rights.

New Zealand history online
Read about the background of the Treaty and the Treaty timeline. Looking for answers to specific questions? If so visit the FAQ section, which answers common questions in a succinct easy manner.

Harris, Aroha

Hīkoi: Forty Years of Māori Protest

Huia Publishers, Wellington, 2004

Neumann, Ruth

Our Treaty: The Treaty of Waitangi 1840 to the Present

New House Publishers, Auckland, 2002

Orange, Claudia

An Illustrated History of The Treaty of Waitangi, Revised edition

Bridget Williams Books, Wellington, 2004

Stenson, Marcia

The Treaty: Every New Zealander’s Guide to the Treaty of Waitangi

Random House, Auckland, 2004